Marijuana dispensary operates in grey area

By PETE FISHER, Northumberland Today

ALDERVILLE – There are different opinions on whether a marijuana dispensary located on Alderville First Nation is legal.

The Medicine Wheel Natural Healing – Indigenous Healing Through Medicinal Cannabis is located on County Road 45 in Alderville, north of Cobourg.

It had a “soft” opening in June and has been doing a brisk business since then.

Owner Rob Stevenson, who lives on Alderville First Nation and belongs to the Bear Clan, said in a interview on the business’s Facebook page that it is a holistic healing centre and “creating a economic boom for the community,” and also helping people “rise up from poverty.”

Stevenson describes himself in the interview as having a lot of morals, values and ethics.

Stevenson said the Medicine Wheel Natural Healing had a “really good acknowledgement from chief and council. They are very supportive of it.”

But when contacted by Northumberland Today, Alderville First Nation Chief James Marsden said he couldn’t comment on the matter because he is in conflict, as Stevenson is his nephew.

Stevenson said by way of video on the businesses site when a new customer comes in to the store they will go to a “consultation counter” where they fill out a form about ailments.

“We get a lot of information from them,” he said. “They get a membership card and everything they purchase goes under their file. “Importance of that is we can monitor how the medications are working for our customers – maybe it’s to strong, not strong enough.”

Reached by phone, Stevenson said “It’s legal. We are on sovereign territory. So the provincial and federal government can’t dictate what we do.”

Stevenson said it’s similar to the tobacco laws. “We’re a sovereign nation, so it depends what each community wants to do.”

Stevenson said a different dispensary located on Alderville First Nation was raided by OPP last year and the owner was charged.

Even though it was on a reservation, Stevenson said the owner was not Indige and that’s why he was charged.

“That’s why all my staff are First Nation,” he said.

Stevenson said he spoke with Northumberland OPP Insp. Lisa Darling who said the business was fine, but if he was aware any type of criminal element coming in to notify police immediately and police also wanted his security system monitored. Darling didn’t respond to requests for comment.

One item Stevenson does add is if people do buy it on the reserve, if they go off, “they could be prosecuted. If they got caught and don’t have a prescription, then absolutely they could get in trouble for that.”

Staff Sgt. Carolle Dionne, an Ontario Provincial Police media relations coordinator, said if a First Nation community has its own policing service, that service would enforce the laws around medical marijuana dispensaries.

Since there is no First Nation community police in Alderville, it would be up to the Ontario Provincial Police to enforce, she said.

The federal government is proposing to make marijuana legal with strict regulations by July 1, 2018, but until that time, even if a marijuana dispensary is on a reservation, they are still illegal, states the OPP.

“The concern remains with these dispensaries, they are not authorized by the government licensing bodies to dispense marijuana,” Dionne said. “Because they are not licensed, they are not authorized. Even today, right now their legal standing and expectation is we’re going to enforce the law because it is considered sort of trafficking of illegal products. It’s an illegal activity – these dispensaries. Our stance is, if it’s illegal we will enforce the law until told otherwise.”

Ontario Regional Chief Isadore Day, who represents 133 chiefs across Ontario, said marijuana dispensaries on First Nations land is inevitable.

Day said he had been to dispensaries and was “quite impressed by the way some of these dispensaries have started to create a level of excellence in their own facilities.

“If we know dispensaries and distribution and economy is going to be created in the mainstream, why not First Nation?”

But, Day added, “everything right now is illegal.”

Day said at this stage, with the new laws taking effect in the near future, there is very little enforcement.

“That moratorium on enforcement seems pretty consistent across the board,” he said. “This is I believe why the federal government is moving very quickly to put legislation in place.”

Day said although marijuana isn’t part of the Indigenous medicine wheel, he explains, “we know that marijuana or the cannabis plant has been part of this continent.

“What our people will tell you is whatever grows on this land, will be part of that relationship that we have and we have every right to co-exist and responsibility to co-exist with that on our land and in our territories.”

Day said it’s a very important discussion and will be a debate.

“But the direction of medical cannabis, recreational cannabis – it’s going to happen and our people will certainly secure our rightful place using it as a formal medicine and using as their economic right.”

Some Indigenous communities have made it clear they do not want dispensaries on their land and that is their wish, and right, he said.

“The difference between colonial governments and First Nation governments, despite the fact the Indian Act is there and there is supposed assumed authority the Federal Government has over First Nation people, it simply isn’t the case within our communities.”

It’s a complex question for each community to discuss and also to decide, he said.

Day said just days ago he secured a mandate from the Assembly of First Nations executive and he will be heading up a national working group on cannabis with the Regional Chief in Quebec.

They will be looking at the cannabis legislation on four perspectives, health, social, economic and jurisdictional.

“Our work over the next several months will be to make sure our communities are getting the proper information that we coordinate discussions with various parts of government and that our regions (Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan) have the ability a bit more so they are engagement ready and how provincial jurisdiction will apply and how provinces and territories are going to respond to the Cannabis Act.”

“We’re working hard to make sure our First Nation are going to be intelligently response to C-45 and 46 and we need to make sure our First Nations are going to be safe, secure and if we can prosper they can do that as well.”

Cannabis dispensary on Alderville First Nation wants Ottawa to butt out

Video and story here.

Annette Francis 
APTN National News
Business has been good at a new cannabis dispensary on Alderville First Nation near Peterboroug, Ontario.

“It’s just amazing seeing all walks of life come through here, so many different people,” said Mel Marsden manager of Medicine Wheel Natural Healing.

They’ve been coming for everything lip balm to skin ointment, candy and, of course, a variety of marijuana.

But the owner said it’s also about creating jobs.

“Were creating an employment boom and economic boom,” said owner Rob Stevenson, “We’re going to have bakers, we’re going to have Indigenous growers and that’s something that we’re really trying to focus on

But as shops like these continue to pop up on First Nations as Canada gets closer to legalizing pot some say there are challenges that need to be looked at.

“I remain optimistic that First Nations will benefit from any revenue generated from these ventures, while historically Ontario First Nations have been neglected in resource revenue sharing with the province of Ontario, this new industry provides an opportunity to turn a new leaf and to examine innovative revenue sharing opportunities,” said Chief Isadore Day of the Chiefs of Ontario.

But Stevenson said there shouldn’t be any interference from Ottawa.

“Each community is different, first of all, and I think it should be up to each community on how dispensaries and growing is run on those communities,” he said.

Medicine Wheel dispensary owner has dialogue with police

ALDERVILLE – The owner of Medicine Wheel Natural Healing of Alderville First Nation says he has an ongoing dialogue with Northumberland OPP to ensure he meets their concerns about public safety and to let the police know what he is doing.

The new healing, medical marijuana dispensary is located at 8986 County Road 45 and Rob Stevenson says he sells both cannabis and non-cannabis products.

“I hope (the police) will respect our rights,” Stevenson said in an interview at the business that saw hundreds of people visit during last Saturday’s official opening and to register at the first Indigenous medical cannabis dispensary outside of Tyendinaga.

“I don’t have a criminal record” and don’t have criminal ties of any kind and “I feel I’m protected by our United Nations treaty rights to operate this kind of business helping people and my community,” Stevenson explained.

But how the police, who closed down South Shore Wellness on the other side of the county road last year, will act “absolutely is a concern,” Stevenson said quite bluntly.

That’s why Stevenson has a lot of interaction and dialogue with police to meet with them and explain the standards he uses in his business dealing with public-and-product safety, as well as the coming changes when recreational marijuana use is legalized by the federal government next summer.

Officers have been trained that cannabis is an illegal and illicit substance and not about the healing aspects of it, he explained. It will take a longer time to change perception, Stevenson said.

Vehicles were lined up along the roadway during the official opening last Saturday and periodically police patrolled along the county roadway where the Roseneath Rodeo was also taking place last weekend.

“The police were out there but not targeting people from our store,” said Stevenson who is also the Ontario vice-president of the National Indigenous Medical Cannabis Association which is working with Health Canada to get First Nation growers licenced in order to fill the coming shortfall in cannabis products.

The existing federal licencing system is lengthy and too costly for First Nations, he said, where there already exist experienced marijuana growers who are part of the “black market” at this time.

Health Canada allows up to 17 herbicides and pesticides in the marijuana produced by its licenced marijuana growers, but Stevenson’s goal is to have control over natural and organically-grown plants from “seed to sale.”

There is a growing market and this is a good business for First Nations people whom Stevenson vows he will help establish in their own businesses. He already employs 10 Alderville First Nation staff where, among other services, a lab will test grown or purchased marijuana for mould and purity.

In a newsletter about his business, Stevenson is quoted as stating that “anyone else who opens up a dispensary on this reserve, or any other reserve, I’m glad to share any of my information here. I’m documenting everything I’ve done, from security and renovations to training employees, product education…I’m willing to share all this information at no cost to the people who will do do this.

“The reason being, I want to see this done right and I don’t want dispensaries to be seen in a negative light because people are doing them wrong.”

Part of the way Stevenson’s business is accomplishing this is through daily product training for his staff and security procedures he has put in place, aspects of the Medicine Wheel that he brings to the attention of the police.

And if Stevenson is confronted with a criminal element, he will bring that to the attention of the police as well, he said.

Stevenson says he wanted a new business challenge and to help people and his community, and this healing business venture is filling up a void and answering something for which he has been searching a long time.

He has already received all kinds of testimonials from people since his “soft opening” in June who have been helped with pain and other health issues from the use of salves (some with and some without cannabis), “tinctures” or cannabis drops taken orally, and other products containing THC and CBD, separately or together.

Because THC provides a high, growers were breeding CBD out of marijuana plants but are going back to it now because of the benefits not only singularly but in conjunction with THC, he explained.

Stevenson knows the medical benefits himself, having taken medical drugs for years to combat anxiety and panic attacks.

“I’ve been able to get off my medication by using tinctures under my tongue,” he said. “It’s definitely helping.”

Developing a data bank at his business about clients’ medical issues and how they respond to various products is very important, Stevenson explained. People register and the information is kept confidential but the data (minus names and other identification) is shared with the Association to build a larger data bank of knowledge about how cannabis can heal people and manage pain.

“I’ve always felt empty…that I had a deeper purpose,” Stevenson said.

Helping heal people, receiving testimonials, and doing it in his community by employing and training young people in business, is turning that feeling around in Stevenson.

“I’m filling that void,” he said. 

Alderville cannabis centre fighting for sovereign rights

by Todd McEwen

NORTHUMBERLAND — When Bob Morrison was asked how he became a medical marijuana patient — his anecdote came with a warning.

“This is not a nice story,” he said.

A little more than six years ago, Morrison, 68, — who once lived in Cobourg, but now resides in the Greater Toronto Area — was asleep in his bed when he says a man entered his room with a hammer.

“He began beating me on the head,” Morrison recalled, “with such force that one of the blows went through my skull and into my brain.

“To this day, I still have a hole in my head.”

Morrison said he was able to fight the attacker and run out of the house — but the man followed with a large knife and stabbed Morrison in the side of the chest, which permanently paralyzed half of his diaphragm.

Somehow, Morrison retreated back to his house and locked the attacker outside. He called police and says the man was arrested and charged, but the attack left Morrison with a paralyzed diaphragm, a depressed skull fracture, 100s of staples and stitches, permanent nerve damage in his arm, hand and head, and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

“Every night when I would hear the slightest sound I thought he had come back to finish me off,” Morrison said.

For about two years, Morrison relied on sleeping pills at night.

“They would knock me out for the night, but I would be a zombie all day,” he said. “I hated the effects the pills gave me.

“But what could I do?”

Then one day, he watched a documentary about medical marijuana and heard it was able to treat people living with PTSD. Morrison had also learned a friend from the Cobourg-area was opening a medical marijuana dispensary and healing centre in Alderville First Nation, so he decided to stop by.

During his trip, he met and spoke with staff and a doctor, and quickly became a member.

Now, he says, he can finally sleep.

“For the lack of better terms, it has given me my life back,” Morrison said.

He was able to kick the sleeping pills and now takes six to 12 drops of CBD/THC (the two most common components in cannabis) oil throughout the day.

“I feel absolutely no adverse side affects at all,” he said.

“My anxiety has left, my fears are so reduced that I feel normal again.”

Since opening in June, Alderville’s Medicine Wheel Natural Healing — located at 8986 County Road 45 — has registered hundreds of patients from across Northumberland County, Kawartha Lakes and Durham Region among others.

“A lot of people don’t have access to doctors that will write a prescription,” owner and operator Rob Stevenson, 37, said.

“My doctor was personally against it.”

Now, the dispensary, or healing centre, is preparing for a grand opening on Aug. 26 from noon to 4 p.m. where it will offer a barbecue, live performances, a 50/50 draw and more. Once there, step inside the healing centre, talk with staff and register as a patient to gain access to a wide selection of medical cannabis in various forms, including: dried sativa, indica and specialized hybrids; shatter; rosin; oil; distillates; gummies; tinctures; syrups, vape pens and edibles.

To become a member, the healing centre will connect patients to a cannabis-educated doctor, Stevenson explained.

“We do that all in-house,” he said.

But, is it legal?

Obtaining a prescription for medical marijuana? Yes.

Opening as a storefront to sell medical marijuana to people with a prescription? Not yet. The federal government expects the laws to change next year.

“Licensed producers distribute medical marijuana by mail to authorized users,” Tammy Robinson, spokesperson for the City of Toronto’s licensing and standards division told the Toronto Star in 2016. “Storefront distribution of medical marijuana is illegal and not permitted.”

But as an Anishinaabe man of the Bear Clan belonging to Alderville First Nation, Stevenson explained Indigenous people have the right to their traditional medicine and health practices, according to the United Nations Declaration on the rights of Indigenous Peoples.

“It’s a concern,” Stevenson admitted, “but we’re trying to do it differently. I believe strongly in this and I will stand up for my sovereign rights.

“We’re not trying to do it in an aggressive way. We’re a little more quiet and respectful … but we keep having to defend our sovereign rights. We shouldn’t have to do that. We should be enforcing our sovereign rights.”

In order to be proactive, Stevenson said he arranged a meeting with Alderville First Nation council and the local OPP detachment to outline his plans.

“I figured it’s better than living in fear,” he said. “I want to protect my staff as much as I can.”

About one year ago, a dispensary located in a plaza directly across the street from Medicine Wheel Natural Healing was promptly raided and shut down shortly after opening. The owner, Timothy Tucker, was charged with a slew of trafficking charges, but was not an Indigenous person or Alderville First Nation resident.

And last month, Toronto Police charged 80 employees after raiding a cannabis dispensary.

Stevenson, however, said he’s an open book to the community and anyone with questions can talk to him at anytime.

“I’m willing to share my information,” he said. “Just to make sure it’s done in the right light.

“It’s going to be watched very closely from our community and outside our community as well.”

Stevenson explained a partnership with seven Health Canada licensed producers allows them to develop cannabis without pesticides or insecticides and provides people who require specialized cannabis a safer opportunity to obtain it.

“It’s not the black market,” Stevenson said with a laugh. “We have no ties to organized crime or anything like that.”

Stevenson credits an Indigenous medical marijuana boom in Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory for birthing a movement across the country and starting an association known as the National Indigenous Medical Cannabis Association where Stevenson sits as vice president for the Ontario chapter.

“The goal of this association is first of all to help our people,” he said. “It’s going to create a lot of employment and we’re creating a national strategy to fight opioid addiction.”

While both THC and CBD, the primary compounds found in cannabis, have therapeutic effects, the list of symptoms for which there is solid evidence that marijuana helps is short, according to a report published by the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine. According to the report, only three problems — chronic pain in adults, chemotherapy-induced nausea, and spasticity in multiple sclerosis —  were deemed to be treated effectively by cannabis.

The list of therapies for which there was limited, insufficient, or no evidence is much longer and includes Tourette’s syndrome, traumatic brain injury, epilepsy, anxiety disorders, ALS and addictions.

“I think at the end of the day everyone agrees that the best medical care is based in evidence. And unfortunately we just don’t have enough for many conditions to guide us,” M-J Milloy, a professor in the Department of Medicine at the University of British Columbia and a research scientist at the B.C. Centre on Substance Use, who studies the effects of cannabis use among people living with HIV/AIDS, said.

As a researcher working with patients who have HIV, Milloy can sympathize with those who turn to cannabis for relief despite research that suggests otherwise. The medical marijuana movement gained momentum in the 1990s by AIDS patients who had little else in the way of effective, tolerable treatments.

Stevenson, a local entrepreneur with various other business ventures outside the medical marijuana industry, said he was previously taking 75mg of anxiety medication each day but has been able to cut the dosage in half since connecting with a doctor who prescribed medical cannabis.

He previously smoked in recreation, he said, and preferred the therapeutic effects of cannabis over his prescription pills, but was frustrated in the process of trying to obtain marijuana that was best suited for his needs.

“You don’t know what you’re getting half of the time,” he said. “By going to a doctor and getting a prescription, you know what you’re getting.”

Asked if the government would help fund opioid treatment programs during a stop in British Columbia earlier this year, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said there is no one solution to the problem. Social policies that tackle mental health, housing and economic opportunities are also key components in the fight against the overdose crisis, he said.

Stevenson and other experts, however, say providing easier and wider access to medical marijuana will help combat the opioid and addiction epidemic.

“Currently, people who are addicted to opioids usually get put on methadone or drugs like that,” he said. “Most of those drugs aren’t effective and some people are on them for life.

“It’s really harmful for the body.”

Studies with cannabis, he said, show a success rate of about 63 per cent for fighting opioid addiction.

“It’s not about greed or anything, it’s about helping our people,” he said.

“If we can help our people, that’s what’s important to us.”

While Morrison didn’t overcome an addiction to feel like he’s earned a new lease on life, he expects the healing centre and other Indigenous clinics to help “hundreds of people, if not thousands” who are in similar situations.

“They say your given a second chance because you still have something to do,” he said, “I’m not sure what it is, but I’m thankful for the extra time.”

For more information on the National Indigenous Medical Cannabis Association, visit or visit the Medicine Wheel Natural Healing’s Facebook page

— with files from Toronto Star

Todd McEwen is a reporter/photographer with Metroland Media Group’s Northumberland County Division. He can be reached at . Follow Northumberland News on Twitter and Facebook

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