Spring 2018 MWNH – Ailment and 
Treatment Guide

 

Welcome to the first edition of our Medicine Wheel Treatment and Ailments Guide. Medicine Wheel Natural Healing is an Indigenous cannabis dispensary in Alderville First Nation. We created this catalogue to help our clients find the best possible cannabis related treatment for their ailments.

Before you decide to use cannabis in your healing journey, we do recommend that you consult with your doctors and other health care professionals. Remember that the healing journey is more than just the medicine we put in our bodies. It is a lifestyle we choose, a state of mind, our diet and daily exercise; by taking all these steps we move toward reaching a better state of health and balance.

Please click for the download link for the PDF of the Ailment and Treatment Guide.

Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is a disorder that causes muscle pain and fatigue. It is often found coexisting with other chronic pain conditions. Symptoms may include:

  • Numbness or tingling in hands and feet
  • Drowsiness/fatigue
  • Widespread pain
  • Moodiness
  • Headaches
  • Cognitive and memory difficulties

Benefits: Cannabis strains containing both THC and CBD are known to be the best pain relievers. Those suffering from fibromyalgia have found that treating their symptoms with cannabis rather than prescription drugs, they can better treat their ever changing symptoms as well as not have to suffer with all the side effects that come with prescription medication. Strains containing CBD and THC can relieve widespread pain and headaches.

Treatment: Microdosing throughout the day helps to aid with pain intensity. Using strains higher in CBD or CBD oils minimizes psychoactive effects but decreases pain as well as provides the body with energy to get through the day. Microdosing strains that contain higher level of THC, decreases cognitive and psychoactive side effects.
In the evening a combination of indica edibles as well as vaporizing will allows for good night sleep, which then helps with controlling symptoms the next day.  

Recommended method of intake: Smoking, vaping, tinctures, edibles

Why Whole Plant Medicine Matters

The nature of the plant

Take a close look at your cannabis buds. They’re covered in a sticky dusting of crystal resin, which contains hundreds of therapeutic compounds known as cannabinoids and terpenoids. We assume you’re well acquainted with THC and CBD, but these are just two among many important players working together to produce specific effects. This interactive synergy between marijuana compounds has been coined the “entourage effect,” and once you know what this is, you’ll see why medicines containing only THC or CBD aren’t sufficient for many medical conditions.

THC-only medicines primarily refer to synthetic renderings of THC, the two most popular being Marinol (dronabinol) and Cesamet (nabilone). These are legal pharmaceuticals primarily prescribed to treat cancer-related nausea, but their efficacy is questionable. A 2011 survey on forms of consumption found only 1.8% of 953 patients prefer synthetic THC pharmaceuticals over inhaled or infused methods. Furthermore, it can take hours for a THC-only pill to deliver relief whereas inhaled methods take effect immediately.

CBD-only medicines have been gaining momentum in recent years following the media frenzy around Charlotte’s Web, a non-psychoactive cannabis strain that was processed into a CBD-rich oil for an epileptic child. This miraculous remedy prompted several states to adopt CBD-only laws under which THC-rich medicines remain illegal.

That is not to say that synthetic, hemp-based, and CBD-only medicines aren’t effective options for many patients, especially as laws limit access to alternatives. These types of products have served a monumental role both as medicine and as a legislative stepping stone. But what else can patients get from whole plant medicine?

Modern Therapeutic Applications Of The Cannabinoid Ratio

The most recent research into THC:CBD ratios comes out of the pharmaceutical industry, specifically around the GW Pharmaceuticals‘ Sativex, which has a 1:1 ratio of THC and CBD. In the clinical trials phase of drug development, researchers examined the effects of THC, CBD, and combination extracts on sleep, pain control, and muscle spasms. They found that 1:1 THC-CBD extracts provided the most therapeutic relief across all categories.

In cancer, cannabis has long been credited with helping people combat the nausea associated with chemotherapy. Furthermore, THC and CBD each possess cytotoxic (cell destroying) and anti-angiogenic (prevention of development of new blood vessels) properties. These two properties are critical to combating the spread of cancer within the body, making whole-plant cannabis extracts a viable medical option.

“While cannabinoid ratios in most cannabis may be about the same, it is the terpene content which typically creates the different qualities that we have parsed as the difference between Indicas and Sativas for some time. It is highly likely that terpenes may very well alter the properties of the cannabinoids. Standardized testing is essential to the advancement of our understanding of this issue.”

2:1 THC to CBD Ratios

Contrary to popular misconception, so-called indica varieties are no more likely to have CBD than sativas. Lab studies by the WercShop, co-sponsored by California NORML, found no relation between chemical profiles, as measured by cannabinoid and terpene content, and varietal types, whether indica or sativa. Breeders have developed special high-CBD hybrids from various genetic stock. Some have virtually pure CBD, while others typically have THC; CBD ratios ranging from 2:1 to 1:2.

The optimal dosage levels of CBD are uncertain due to a lack of human studies. Chronic high doses of up to 1500 mg per day are well tolerated and produce no noticeable physiological effects. However, there is evidence to suggest that the medical benefits of CBD disappear when dosages become excessive. For inhaled medical use, most users prefer varieties with THC:CBD ratios between 2:1 and 1:2. Extremely low-THC varieties are useful for making CBD extracts and tinctures. Unlike THC, CBD does not show up positive on standard drug tests for marijuana.

Cannabinoids and Terpenes
Work Together

The diverse chemical availability in whole plant medicines is remarkable in its own right, but research looking into how cannabinoids and terpenoids work together adds another level of intrigue.

Instrumental in this area of science is Ethan Russo, M.D., a neurologist who has long studied cannabis compounds and their role in the body. In his study “Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid-terpenoid entourage effects,” he details how cannabis compounds influence each other’s mechanisms. We aren’t just talking about the well-known THC-CBD tag team here – even small amounts of terpenes (fragrant oils that give cannabis its smell) can make a difference.

The terpene myrcene, for example, can reduce resistance in the blood-brain barrier, enabling easier passage of other beneficial chemicals. Pinene helps counteract compromised cognition and memory caused by THC. A combination of terpenes pinene, myrcene, and caryophyllene help unravel anxiety. Mixing terpenes linalool and limonene with the cannabinoid CBG shows promise in the treatment of MRSA. THC plus CBN yields enhanced sedating effects. Linalool and limonene combined with CBD is being examined as an anti-acne treatment.

These examples only scratch the surface of all possible synergies made available to us by way of whole plant therapies. Think of all the medical possibilities waiting for us as the combinational potential of these compounds is unlocked. The thought of how many lives could be changed for the better by such discoveries is almost overwhelming.

What is CBD?

CBD or Cannabidiol is the principal non-psychoactive cannabinoid present largely in the Hemp plant. Along with not having  psychoactive properties, CBD is a powerful anti-psychotic drug and valuable for anyone with psychosis or schizophrenia. CBD has been shown to be a better anti-inflammatory than THC and Ibuprofen, it is also effective treating pain and managing tumors. CBD can also help to relieve anxiety and depression. Due to the fact that it is non-psychoactive and strongly medicinal even in small doses, CBD is highly recommended for treatment of children, the elderly, and anyone who wants to remain clear headed yet medicated.

Scientific research has shown that CBD may be therapeutic for many conditions, including (but not limited to) chronic pain, cancer, anxiety, diabetes, epilepsy, rheumatoid arthritis, PTSD, sleep disorders, alcoholism, cardiovascular disease, antibiotic-resistant infections, and various neurological ailments.

CBD Hemp Oil Beauty Products provides unique skin protection. Cannabidiol-rich hemp oil comes as an exfoliant, cleanser, eye cream, gel masque, moisturizer and serum. It turns out that it is the real deal – at least for dry skin. There is clinical research that cannabinoids have anti-aging and antioxidant – properties. There are findings confirming that cannabinoids are responsible for lipid production and, therefore, for regulating conditions such as dry skin or acne and has the potential for helping unspecified skin disease.

Vaporization

Vaporization is the optimal delivery method for dried flower cannabis. Unlike smoking, vaporization is achieved by heating the cannabis to a temperature that vaporizes, but does not burn the cannabinoids, virtually eliminating the health risks associated with smoking. The effects of inhaled cannabis – whether smoked or vaporized – will be felt in a matter of minutes. It is recommended to pause between inhalations to let the dose be fully realized.

Edible Oils

It is important to remember that cannabis taken orally has a slower onset time than when it is vaporized because it is absorbed through the digestive system. Wait at least four hours after the first dose before taking a second of cannabis oils.

Patients should follow extreme caution when dosing cannabis oils for the first time.

Suggested Dosing

For casual users, people who don’t have high tolerances, 10-20 milligrams should be more than enough to feel the effects. 10 milligrams is the recommended serving size for edibles, because you don’t want to take too much at once. In one recent Canadian study, 25 mg of pharmaceutical-grade cannabis with a THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) content of 9.4% was effective in reducing intensity of pain, improved sleep and was well tolerated when smoked as a single inhalation 3x/day for five days at low tolerance to THC.

CBD for Animals

What is CBD and how can it help my pet?

CBD or Cannabidiol is one of the prominent active cannabinoids within cannabis.

Unlike THC, CDB does not have a psychoactive effect, thus making it safe and comfortable for our pets. Most animal CBD products are derived from hemp which contains no THC and has shown beneficial effects on both chronic and acute ailments.  

CBD can help with treatments of:

  • Seizures
  • Inflammation
  • Nausea
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Arthritis
  • Cancer
  • Appetite stimulation
  • Aggression
  • Gastrointestinal issues
  • General pain

Results may not be immediate depending on the ailment.

What are the different methods of giving my pet CBD?

CBD Oils. CBD oils allow for a more controlled dosage. Oil extracts are typically more concentrated compared to other CBD products.

CBD oil is often used for the treatment of cancers as well as central nervous system disorders and other serious ailments.

Oils can but put directly into your pets mouth, or mixed in with food or a treat.

Tinctures. Pet tinctures are usually based on coconut or other vegetable oils. They can be made with either hemp extract or CBD isolate. They tend to be less concentrated than CBD oils, making them ideal for daily use to alleviate milder symptoms such as:

  • Muscle pain
  • Nausea
  • Stress and anxiety.

Similarly to oil, they can be put directly into your pet’s mouth, or mixed in with food or a treat.

Topicals. Infused topicals are remedies used for animals that suffer from bodily aches and pains or other external maladies. They are applied directly to the skin to deliver targeted, localized relief. Topicals help to relieve ailments such as:

  • Allergies
  • Arthritis
  • Skin irritations
  • Muscle pain
  • Joint pain
  • Localized irritation and discomfort
  • Bruising and abrasions

Edibles. Edible treats for pets are CBD infused treats which can be administered for a variety of ailments.

Edibles can be used for both chronic and acute diseases.

How much should I give my pet?

Dosage will be different each pet. The best way is to start off small and gradually work your way up to the recommended dosage level, based on what effects you see.

Different CBD products will have different dosage instructions based on the concentration as well as what it is being used for.

For dogs the most recommended starting dosage is 0.5mg per 10lbs of body weight per day. And for cats, it is 1mg per 10lbs of body weight.

Are there side effects?

Although CBD has no known adverse side effects, trace amounts of THC from non-hemp sourced CBD may cause a change in your pet’s behaviour. If you observe any of the following in your pet, discontinue usages:

  • Disorientation
  • Unstable movement
  • Vomiting
  • Excessive sleepiness

For more information, please visit www.medicinewheelnaturalhealing.com or come in and visit us at 8986 Hwy 45, near the town of Roseneath. Our store is open 10am-8pm, Tuesday through Sunday and closed on Mondays. You can also call us at 905-352-3322.

Alderville First Nation hosts next indigenous cannabis gathering

On Sunday, November 26th, indigenous people interested in the cannabis industry will be gathering from 12-5pm at the Community Hall in Alderville.

One of the outcomes of the October 21st indigenous cannabis meeting in Six Nations was a commitment from Medicine Wheel Natural Healing owner Rob Stevenson to organize a follow up gathering in his home community.

With the community hall of the  Alderville First Nation now booked, Stevenson has confirmed the meeting will be going ahead on Sunday, November 26th from 12-5pm.

In the first part of the meeting, Stevenson and members of his staff will make a presentation on the healing benefits of cannabis and talk about the experiences they’ve been having with their store and the community they serve.

The second part of the meeting will be for indigenous people involved in, or interested in becoming part of the indigenous cannabis industry. This session will discuss the current political situation regarding cannabis legalization in Ontario, and consider the drafting of a common unity declaration between indigenous participants in the industry.

This meeting comes in the wake of a  gathering organized in Six Nations on October 21st. Despite being shut out of the community hall by band council, over 50 people gathered to share information and to make plans for the future.

That meeting saw participants encourage each other to get involved in the cannabis industry before the July 2018 planned legalization by the Federal government.

Indigenous people are claiming the right to use cannabis for medicinal purposes across Canada. In 2017, over 30 dispensaries on indigenous territories have opened in Ontario alone. Unlike dispensaries off-reserve, the province has no jurisdiction on reserve, and the question of how cannabis on reserve will be handled remains an open one.